Commentary on Romans 9:5

1 Apr

5 To them belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.

Verse 4 laid out for us many of the privileges God had given to Israel, Paul’s kinsmen according to the flesh. These privileges reach their high point with verse 5. Christ has come from Israel. The Messiah, promised to the patriarchs and predicted by the prophets, has come. We see here the humanity and divinity of Jesus. He is, according to the flesh, an Israelite. But He is also God over all.

So the people of Israel had a rich spiritual heritage, all from God, culminating in the coming of Jesus. Yet Paul is in anguish over them, he is concerned about their souls. We will find in chapter 10 that he clearly considers the people of Israel to be lost.

The problem is, since the heritage of israel was a gift of God, what does it mean for God’s promises to say that the Israelites are lost? This issue of God’s trustworthiness will be at the center of chapters 9-11, starting with verse 6.

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